Paul the Apostleoriginal name Saul of Tarsusborn 4 bce? In his own day, although he was a major figure within the very small Christian movement, he also had many enemies and detractors, and his contemporaries probably did not accord him as much respect as they gave Peter and James.
Paul was compelled to struggle, therefore, to establish his own worth and authority. His surviving lettershowever, have had enormous influence on subsequent Christianity and secure his place as one of the greatest religious leaders of all time.
Paul is often considered to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity. His epistles letters have had enormous influence on Christian theology, especially on the relationship between God the Father and Jesus, and on the mystical human relationship with the divine.
In addition to his extensive theological contributions, St. Paul played a crucial role in the development of Christianity away from its Jewish parent. Although he held that Jews and Gentiles alike were called to be transformed into one new humanity in Christ, his missions were largely focused on the conversion of Gentiles, and Christianity would eventually become a largely Gentile religion. Of the 27 books in the New Testament13 or 14 an East-West difference are traditionally attributed to St.
The exact details of St. His death was perhaps part of the executions of Christians ordered by the Roman emperor Nero following the great fire in the city in 64 CE. It is known that St. Paul was imprisoned in Rome and wrote several of his epistles letters during his captivity there.
Thus, about half of the New Testament stems from Paul and the people whom he influenced. Only 7 of the 13 lettershowever, can be accepted as being entirely authentic dictated by Paul himself.
The others come from followers writing in his name, who often used material from his surviving letters and who may have had access to letters written by Paul that no longer survive. Although frequently useful, the information in Acts is secondhand, and it is sometimes in direct conflict with the letters.
The probable chronological order leaving aside Philemon, which cannot be dated is 1 Thessalonians, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, and Romans. Paul was a Greek -speaking Jew from Asia Minor. Two of the main cities of Syria, Damascus and Antiochplayed a prominent part in his life and letters. Although the exact date of his birth is unknown, he was active as a missionary in the 40s and 50s of the 1st century ce.
From this it may be inferred that he was born about the same time as Jesus c. He was converted to faith in Jesus Christ about 33 ceand he died, probably in Rome, circa 62—64 ce. His trade, tent making, which he continued to practice after his conversion to Christianity, helps to explain important aspects of his apostleship.19 Surprising facts about Paul, Apostle of Christ
He could travel with a few leather-working tools and set up shop anywhere. It is doubtful that his family was wealthy or aristocratic, but, since he found it noteworthy that he sometimes worked with his own hands, it may be assumed that he was not a common labourer.In the Bible, fourteen people are considered apostles—the original members of the Twelve, plus Matthias who was chosen to replace Judas Iscariotand Paul the apostle to the Gentiles.
They were all real people who lived and died in the first century AD. Only two of their deaths are recorded in the Bible James and Judas Iscariot.
For most of the apostles, the dates of their deaths are unknown or simply estimates, though some have more definitive timelines. Sometimes it can be difficult to trace traditions back to their original sources. How did Peter die? Through jealousy and envy the greatest and most just pillars of the Church were persecuted, and came even unto death. Peter, through unjust envy, endured not one or two but many labours, and at last, having delivered his testimony, departed unto the place of glory due to him.
Roman soldiers had a reputation for experimenting with variations of crucifixion. Before the Lord mounted you, you inspired an earthly fear. Now, instead, endowed with heavenly love, you are accepted as a gift.
I come to you, therefore, confident and joyful, so that you too may receive me exultant as a disciple of the One who was hung upon you…. Hail, O Cross; yes, hail indeed! The early church was rightfully suspicious of Acts of Andrewbut it seems that church tradition supported a similar account of his death. Hence the derivation of the term, St. The other one is Judas Iscariot. He was executed with a sword. We read about his death in Acts He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword.
King Herod was eager to win the favor of the Jews. Since the Jews were very interested in preventing Christianity from spreading, he believed persecuting Christians would please his Jewish subjects—and it did Acts Scholars generally believe James was killed in Jerusalem in 44 AD.Answer: The Bible does not tell us the exact time or manner of the apostle Paul's death, and secular history has yet to provide us with any definitive information.
However, evidence highly suggests the apostle Paul's death occurred after his fifth missionary journey ended in 67 A. Nero himself died by suicide on June 9th of the same year. Christian tradition also has Paul being beheaded in Rome around the mid 60s A. Most Bible dictionaries and some commentaries can give us details on the traditions surrounding Paul's death.
It is commonly believed that, when a general persecution was raised against the Christians by Nero, about A. Paul and St. Peter then sealed the truth with their blood; the latter being crucified with his head downward ; the former being beheaded, either in A. Lardner, in his life of this apostle, who examines this account with his usual perspicuity and candor. It is probable that he did, and suffered death there, as stated above; but still we have no certainty" Commentary on the Bible by Adam Clarke, commenting on Acts We do not know what the charges now are.
They may have been connected with the burning of Rome. There were plenty of informers eager to win favor with Nero. Proof was not now necessary. It is now a crime to be a Christian. It is dangerous to be seen with Paul now, and he feels the desertion keenly 2Timothy ff; Only Lukethe beloved physician, is with Paul 2Timothyand such faithful ones as live in Rome still in hiding 2Timothy Apparently Timothy did come and was put into prison Hebrews Paul is not afraid.
He knows that he will die. He has escaped the mouth of the lion 2Timothybut he will die 2Timothy The Lord Jesus stood by him, perhaps in visible presence 2Timothy Nero died June, 68 A. Perhaps Luke and Timothy were with him. It is fitting, as Findlay suggests, to let Paul's words in 2Timothy - 8 serve for his own epitaph. He was ready to go to be with Jesus, as he had long wished to be Philippians ".
Lastly, the following quote regarding the death of Paul was taken from the Smith's Bible Dictionary by Dr. William Smith, article entitled "Paul. Paul, brings us, it may well be presumed, close to the end of his life. For what remains, we have the concurrent testimony of ecclesiastical antiquity, that he was beheaded at Rome, about the same time that St.
Peter was crucified there. Paul is in that sentence from Clemens Romanus. The next authorities are those quoted by Eusebius in his H. Dionysius, bishop of Corinth A. Paul, is mixed up with the tradition, with which we are not here immediately concerned, of the work of St.
Peter at Rome. Peter on the Vatican, and that of St.He took advantage of his status as both a Jew and a Roman citizen to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences. According to the New Testament book Acts of the Apostles often simply called ActsPaul persecuted some of the early disciples of Jesuspossibly Hellenised diaspora Jews converted to Christianity,  in the area of Jerusalem prior to his conversion.
He was struck blind, but after three days his sight was restored by Ananias of Damascus and Paul began to preach that Jesus of Nazareth is the Jewish Messiah and the Son of God.
How Did the Apostle Paul Die?
Thirteen of the twenty-seven books in the New Testament have traditionally been attributed to Paul. Pauline authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews is not asserted in the Epistle itself and was already doubted in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
Today, Paul's epistles continue to be vital roots of the theology, worship and pastoral life in the Latin and Protestant traditions of the Westas well as the Eastern Catholic and Orthodox traditions of the East. It has been popularly assumed that Saul's name was changed when he became a follower of Jesus Christ, but that is not the case.
According to the Book of Acts, he was a Roman citizen. Jesus called him "Saul, Saul" [Acts ; ; ] in "the Hebrew tongue" in the book of Acts, when he had the vision which led to his conversion on the Road to Damascus.
In ActsSaul is called "Paul" for the first time on the island of Cyprus —much later than the time of his conversion. The author Luke indicates that the names were interchangeable: "Saul, who also is called Paul. Adopting his Roman name was typical of Paul's missionary style.
His method was to put people at their ease and to approach them with his message in a language and style to which they could relate, as in 1 Cor — The main source for information about Paul's life is the material found in his epistles and in Acts. The book of Acts recounts more information but leaves several parts of Paul's life out of its narrative, such as his probable but undocumented execution in Rome.
The two main sources of information by which we have access to the earliest segments of Paul's career are the Bible's Book of Acts and the autobiographical elements of Paul's letters to the early Christian communities. He was from a devout Jewish family  based in the city of Tarsus one of the largest trade centers on the Mediterranean coast.
It was renowned for its university. Paul referred to himself as being "of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamina Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee ".
Acts quotes Paul referring to his family by saying he was "a Pharisee, born of Pharisees". In Romans he states that his relatives, Andronicus and Juniawere Christians before he was and were prominent among the Apostles.
The family had a history of religious piety. While he was still fairly young, he was sent to Jerusalem to receive his education at the school of Gamaliel[Acts ]  one of the most noted rabbis in history. Although modern scholarship agrees that Paul was educated under the supervision of Gamaliel in Jerusalem,  he was not preparing to become a rabbi and probably never had any contact with the Hillelite school.
Although we know from his biography and from Acts that Paul could and did speak Hebrew modern scholarship suggests that Koine Greek was his first language. Paul confesses that "beyond measure" he persecuted the church of God, more specifically Hellenised diaspora Jews converted to Christianity who had returned to the area of Jerusalem [note 1] prior to his conversion.
Paul's conversion can be dated to 31—36    by his reference to it in one of his letters. In Galatians Paul writes that God "was pleased to reveal his son to me. According to the account in Actsit took place on the road to Damascus, where he reported having experienced a vision of the resurrected Jesus. The account says that "he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?Some traditional accounts provide further details.
The Acts of Paulan apocryphal work written around the middle of the second century, says that Nero condemned him to death by beheading. Though the story is fanciful, it would probably never have gotten into circulation if it were known that Paul had been executed some other way, and so it suggests that Paul indeed was beheaded.
There is a tradition that associates a different apostle with boiling in oil, however. Likely around the end of the second century, Tertullian wrote in The Prescription of Heretics that the apostle John was thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil in the Colosseum, but he suffered no ill effects from what would otherwise have been a gruesome method of execution, and so his sentence was commuted to banishment.
But it does show, along with the accounts of the sufferings and executions of the other apostles, that the first followers of Jesus stayed loyal to him right to the death, even if this meant enduring the worst tortures that the Romans might inflict. The Rev. Christopher R.
Smith is an an ordained minister, a writer, and a biblical scholar. He was active in parish and student ministry for twenty-five years. He was a consulting editor to the International Bible Society now Biblica for The Books of the Bible, an edition of the New International Version NIV that presents the biblical books according to their natural literary outlines, without chapters and verses.
His Understanding the Books of the Bible study guide series is keyed to this format. He was also a consultant to Tyndale House for the Immerse Bible, an edition of the New Living Translation NLT that similarly presents the Scriptures in their natural literary forms, without chapters and verses or section headings. He has a B. View all posts by Christopher R Smith.
Scholars have examined the text which indicate that they were written between 60 and 70 CE, which makes this claim incorrect. While it cannot be proved the following provides a very good reason why Paul would have been beheaded. The fact that he was a Roman citizen would exempt him, under Roman laws, from death by lingering torture, in the forms in which it was inflicted on many of his Christian brethren. It would save him from the ignominy of crucifixion, and would thus distinguish his death from that of Peter, who had no claims to Roman citizenship, and who, wherever he died, was probably put to death, like his Master, on a cross comp.
John xxi. In the former case, the criminal was tied to a stake, scourged with rods, and then beheaded;1 in the latter case, the executioner was commonly one of the Imperial bodyguards, and the execution was performed in presence of a centurion, whose duty it was to see the sentence carried out.Some other religions use the term for comparable figures in their history.
The word in this sense may be used metaphorically in various contexts, but is mostly found used specifically for early associates of the founder of a religion, who were important in spreading his or her teachings. The word is found, for example, in the " Apostolic See ", the official name for the Roman Catholic Papacy ; in the doctrine of apostolic successionheld by many branches of Christianity; and in the Four Marks of the Church "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic" found in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed.
The word apostle has two meanings, the broader meaning of a messenger and the narrower meaning of an early Christian apostle directly linked to Jesus. The term only occurs once in the Septuagint. The Friberg Greek Lexicon gives a broad definition as one who is sent on a mission, a commissioned representative of a congregation, a messenger for God, a person who has the special task of founding and establishing churches.
The Louw-Nida Lexicon gives a very narrow definition of a special messenger, generally restricted to the immediate followers of Jesus, or extended to some others like Paul or other early Christians active in proclaiming the gospel. There is also a tradition in the Eastern Churches of "Seventy Apostles", derived from the seventy-two disciples mentioned in the Gospel of Luke.
In the Latter Day Saint movementan apostle is a "special witness of the name of Jesus Christ who is sent to teach the principles of salvation to others. Russell Ballard, Jeffrey R. Holland, Dieter F. Uchtdorf, David A. Bednar, Quentin L. Cook, D. Todd Christofferson, Neil L. Anderson, Ronald A. Rasband, Gary E. Stevenson, Dale G. Renlund, Gerrit W. Gong, and Ulisses Soares. They typically work under the direction of the twelve apostles and are given similar responsibilities that build up the church.
How Old Was the Apostle Paul When He Died?
In most Latter Day Saint churches, modern-day apostles are considered to have the same status and authority as the biblical apostles. In the Latter Day Saint tradition, apostles and prophets are believed to be the foundation of the church, with Jesus as the chief cornerstone. According to the Qur'anGod has sent many prophets to mankind.
Sahabah refers to the companionsdisciplesscribes and family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Later scholars accepted their testimony of the words and deeds of Muhammad, the occasions on which the Qur'an was revealed and various important matters of Islamic history and practice. The testimony of the companions, as it was passed down through chains of trusted narrators isnadswas the basis of the developing Islamic tradition. From the traditions hadith of the life of Muhammad and his companions are drawn the Muslim way of life sunnahthe code of conduct sharia it requires and the jurisprudence fiqh by which Muslim communities should be regulated.
Muslims consider apostles to be messengers or prophets. Islamic teachings emphasise the Quranic verse which exclaims that God sent a messenger to every nation of the world.The details of the deaths of three of the apostles John, the Beloved, Bartholomew and Simon the Canaanite are not known at all, either by tradition or early historians. The deaths of the other seven apostles are known by tradition or the writings of early Christian historians.
According to traditions and the Bible, eight of the Apostles died as Martyrs. At least two of the Apostles, Peter and Andrew were crucified. According to the early writers, he died at or about the same time with Paul, and in the Neronian persecution, A. All agree that he was crucified. Origen says that Peter felt himself to be unworthy to be put to death in the same manner as his Master, and was, therefore, at his request, crucified with his head downward.
From Acts Death date is by conjecture only and is variously assigned as being between 89 AD to AD. He is reported to have been crucified at Patrae in Achaia. According to tradition, he preached in Phrygia and died at Hierapolis. Matthew : He must have lived many years as an apostle since he was the author of the Gospel of Matthew, which was written at least twenty years after the death of Christ.
There is a reason to believe that he stayed for fifteen years at Jerusalem, after which he went as a missionary to the Persians, Parthians and Medes. There is a legend that he died a martyr in Ethiopia.
Death of the Apostle Paul
Thomas : The earlier traditions, as believed in the fourth century, say he preached in Parthia or Persia and was finally buried at Edessa. The later traditions carry him farther east. His martyrdom whether in Persia or India, is said to have been by a lance. James Alpheus: We know he lived at least five years after the death of Christ because of mentions in the Bible. Tradition tells us he was buried in Kara Kalisa in what is now Iran. According to the Bible he hanged himself, Matthew at Aceldama, on the southern slope of the valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, and in the act he fell down a precipice and was dashed into pieces.
Thanks for this comment! If one person writes, there are probably many others with the same question or thought. The scriptures you are quoting refer to the death of John the Baptist who was killed just as Jesus began his ministry. John the apostle was still alive years after the deaths of both John the Baptist and Jesus.
But Apostle John is the author of the books of John, 1,2,3 Johns, and revelation. Two different johns. Is john the beloved the same john who wrote revelations? John the Beloved is the same John who wrote the book of Revelation.